Vector Scientific - Forensic Research and Forensic Consulting

Publications

The publications listed below identify in bold co-authors who are either currently employed at VSI or who were employed at VSI when the work was published. These highlight the contributions of VSI staff in these various areas of scientific research, which primarily include injury biomechanics, occupant safety, accident reconstruction, and forensic science. Some of these published works also represent VSI's successful collaborations with prominent research universities including UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles), USC (University of Southern California), Wayne State University, and Colorado School of Mines. Besides being published, many of these works were also presented by the co-authors at scientific conferences.

Campbell JQ, Coombs D, Rao M, Rullkoetter PJ, Petrella A. Automated Finite Element Meshing of the Lumbar Spine: Verification and Validation With 18 Specimen-Specific Models. Journal of Biomechanics, 2016.

Campbell JQ and Petrella A. Automated Finite Element Modeling of the Lumbar Spine: Using a Statistical Shape Model to Generate a Virtual Population of Models. Journal of Biomechanics, 2016.

Campbell JQ, Rullkoetter, PJ, Petrella A. Verification and Validation of an Algorithm for Automatically Generating FE Models of the Lumbar Spine. 2016 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Orlando, FL, March 2016.

Campbell JQ, Population-Based Methods To Evaluate The Effect Of Anatomical Variation On Lumbar Spine Biomechanics. PhD Dissertation, Colorado School of Mines, 2015.

Campbell JQ, Petrella A. A New Method for Building Statistical Shape Models of the Lumbar Spine. 13th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Montreal, Canada, September 2015.

Campbell JQ, Petrella A. An Automated Method for Landmark Identification and Finite-Element Modeling of the Lumbar Spine. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 2709 – 2716, 2015.

Campbell JQ, Rullkoetter P, Petrella A. Validation of an Automated Method for Generating Subject-Specific Finite Element Models of the Lumbar Spine. Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Las Vegas, NV, March 2015.

Campbell JQ, Yoder AJ, Petrella A. An Automated Method for Feature Extraction and Subject-Specific Finite Element Modeling of the Lumbar Spine. 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, MA, July 2014.

Campbell JQ, Liang L, Szymczak A, Petrella A. Optimization of an Automated Mesh Morphing Algorithm for Lumbar Vertebrae. 2012 Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, San Francisco, CA, Feb 2012.

Weimer Z, Ogden J, Martonovich M, Kloberdanz K. Information Analysis for the Collision Analyst. Collision Magazine, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2012.

Stemper BD, Storvik SG, Yoganandan N, Baisden JL, Fijalkowski RJ, Pintar FA, Shender BS, Paskoff GR. A new PMHS model for lumbar spine injuries during vertical acceleration. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 133, Iss. 8, 081002, 2011.

Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Paskoff GR, Fijalkowski RJ, Storvik SG, Baisden JL, Pintar FA, Shender BS. Thoracolumbar spine trauma in military environments. Minerva Ortopedicae Traumatologica, Vol. 62, Iss. 5, pp. 397-412, 2011.

Storvik SG, Stemper BD. Axial head rotation increases facet joint capsular ligament strains in automotive rear impact. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 153-161, 2011.

Weimer Z, Ogden J, Kloberdanz K, Martonovich M. Event Data Recorders and Evidence Spoliation: Avoiding Exposure. Colorado Claims, Volume 9, Number 3, 2011.

Raymond DE, Catena RD, Vaughan TR. Biomechanics and Injury Risk Assessment of Falls onto Protective Floor Mats. Rehabilitation Nursing, Vol 36 (6):248-254, 2011.

Jones KO, McBeth Z, Campbell JQ, Zhang H, Wheeler J, Raymond D. Children in Rollover Accidents: Review of the NASS-CDS 1995-2007. Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM), Las Vegas, Nevada, 2010.

Stemper BD, Storvik SG. Incorporation of lower neck shear forces to predict facet joint injury risk in low-speed automotive rear impacts. Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 300-308, 2010.

Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Storvik SG, Pintar FA. Biomechanical role of the cervical facet joints in the whiplash injury mechanism., 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, Singapore, 2010.

Storvik SG, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD. Experimental induction of lumbar spine compression-flexion injuries. Proceedings of the 2010 ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, Naples, FL, 2010.

Storvik SG, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Development of an experimental model to quantify lumbar spine kinematics during pilot ejection. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, 2010.

Stemper BD, Storvik SG, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Verification of lower neck shear force as a rear impact injury criterion. International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, York, UK, 2009.

Storvik SG, Stemper BD, Kumar S. Axial head rotation increase capsular ligament distractions during simulated automotive rear impact. Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, 2009.

Storvik SG, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Evaluation of automotive rear impact injury risk using lower neck shear force. Marquette University Biomedical Engineering Symposium, Milwaukee, WI, 2009.

Storvik SG, Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. Population-based estimates of whiplash injury using NASS CDS data. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation, Vol. 45, pp. 244-249, 2009.

Van Ee C, Morosski-Browne B, Raymond D, Plunkett J, Wardy W, Thibault K. Evaluation and Refinement of the CRABI-6 Anthropomorphic Test Device Injury Criteria for Skull Fracture. Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, 2009.

Raymond D, Van Ee C, Crawford G, Bir C. Tolerance of the Temporo-Parietal Skull to Blunt Ballistic Impact. Journal of Biomechanics, Vol 42 (15): 2479-2485, 2009.

Raymond D, Crawford G, Van Ee C, Bir C. Development of Biomechanical Response Corridors of the Head to Blunt Ballistic Temporo-Parietal Head Impact. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol 131 (9): 094506, 2009.

Takhounts EG, Ridella SA, Hasija V, Tannous RE, Campbell JQ, Malone D, Danelson K, Stitzel J, Rowson S, Duma S. Investigation of Traumatic Brain Injuries Using the Next Generation of Simulated Injury Monitor (SIMon) Finite Element Head Model. Stapp Car Crash Journal, 52:1-51, 2008.

Raymond DE, Wheeler JB, Bir CA. Utilizing Physical Evidence to Elucidate Seat Belt Usage in Automotive Collisions Through Biomechanical Simulation. Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting American Academy of Forensic Sciences, San Antonio, TX, 2007.

Raymond DE, Bir CA, Begeman PC, Chien HC, Wheeler JB. Forensic Determination of Seat Belt Usage in Automotive Collisions: Development of a Diagnostic Tool. SAE 2006 World Congress, Detroit, MI, SAE Technical Paper Series, 2006-01-1128, Warrendale, PA, 2006.

Malone D, Campbell JQ, Tannous RE. 1st Generation LS-Dyna Model of THOR for AT Mine Resistant Seating. Proceedings of the 17th Annual Ground Vehicle Survivability Symposium, 2006.

Raymond DE, Landerville JB, Wheeler JB, Dainty DA. A Parametric MADYMO Analysis for Determining Seat Belt Usage in a Frontal Collision. Proceedings of the International Society of Biomechanics XXth Congress and the American Society of Biomechanics 29th Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, 2005.

Raymond DE, Fatzinger EC, Connors TJ, Wheeler JB. Occupant Kinematic Analysis of an Unbelted Minivan Passenger: A Free Body Approach. Proceedings of the International Society of Biomechanics XXth Congress and the American Society of Biomechanics 29th Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, 2005.

Campbell JQ, Tannous RE, Nguyen T, Takhounts EG, Martin P, Eppinger RH. An Approach Towards Developing A Theoretically Based, Statistically Justified, Thoracic Injury Criterion. Proceedings of the 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 2005.

Campbell JQ, Varellis J, Tannous RE, Haffner M, Takhounts EG, Eppinger RH. Development and Validation of a Finite Element Model of the THOR Lower Extremity. Proceedings of the Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, SAE Technical Paper No. 2005-01-1295, Warrendale, PA, 2005.

Tannous RE, Campbell JQ. On the Future Use of Finite Element Models in Automotive Regulations. Proceedings of the Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress, Detroit, MI, SAE Technical Paper Series 2004-01-5408, Warrendale, PA, 2004.

Takhounts EG, Tannous RE, Campbell JQ, Power ED, Shook LS, Eppinger RH. On the Development of the SIMon Finite Element Head Model. 47th Stapp Car Crash Journal, 47:107-133, 2003.

Tannous RE, Campbell JQ, Takhounts EG, Eppinger RH. A 2-D Finite Element Model Representing the Human Thorax, Proceedings of Injury Biomechanics Research: Thirty-First International Workshop, 145-153, 2003.

Campbell JQ, Tannous RE, Takhounts EG. A Method For Using Experimental Data To Drive A 3-D Finite Element Model Of The Lower Extremity. Proceedings of the 13th Congress on Ski Trauma and Ski Safety, B2-3, 2003.

Campbell JQ, Takhounts EG, Power E, Tannous RE, Eppinger RH. Correlation of the SIMon Head Finite Element Model to Relative Motion of the Brain and Skull. International Congress on Sports Dynamics, Melbourne, Australia, 2003.

Takhounts EG, Eppinger RH, Tannous RE, Campbell JQ, Power ED, Shook LS, Hasija V. Analysis of 3D Rigid Body Motion Using the Nine Accelerometer Array System. Proceedings of the Injury Biomechanics Research: Thirty-First International Workshop, 59-75, 2003.

Raymond DE, Kelley CM, Wheeler JB. Forensic Investigation of Lumbar Disc Injury in an Industrial Setting. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress on Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, 2003.

Khurana V, Wheeler JB. Lateral Tibial Plateau Fracture from a Stair Descent Misstep. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress on Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, 2003.

Khurana V, Wheeler JB. Unique Pedestrian Impact Dynamics and Trajectory. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress on Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, 2003.

Brown DG, Kelley PB, Kluge WJ, Wheeler JB. Injury Mitigation Produced by Protective Padding on Ski Terrain. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress on Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, 2003.

Brown DG, Wheeler JB. Determination of Snowboarder Versus Snowboarder Impact Configuration Using Injury Biomechanics. Proceedings of the XIXth International Congress on Biomechanics, Dunedin, New Zealand, 2003.

Campbell JQ. Design and Development of a Skate That Simulates Carved Alpine Ski Turns Off-Snow. Proceedings of the 4th International Sports Engineering Conference, 616-623, 2002.

Wheeler JB, Dainty DA, Brown DG. Cervical Disc Prolapse in Rear-End Automobile Collisions: Injury Mechanism Unique to Occupant and Head Restraint Geometry. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Wheeler JB, Brown DG. First Rib Fracture due to Cervical Hyperextension: A Clue to Solving a Colorado Ski Fatality. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Wheeler JB. An Investigation of Bicycle Seat Pressure and Pudendal Nerve Entrapment Mechanism During Recumbant Stationary Cycling. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Wheeler JB, Salem GJ. Nail-gun Discharge Distance, Nail Penetration, and Patella Fracture Severity. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Wheeler JB. Research and Applied Science in Forensic Biomechanics. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Brown DG, Landerville JB, Wheeler JB. PCL, ACL, and MCL Rupture in Rear-seat Occupants in Offset/Frontal Automobile Collisions. Proceedings of the XVIIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Zürich, Switzerland, 2001.

Siegmund GP, Brault JR. The role of cervical muscles in whiplash. In: Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical, Eds: Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. IOS Press, Amsterdam, 295-320, 2000.

Siegmund GP, Wheeler JB, Catania JJ, Brault JR. A Linked Data Set of Clinical and Kinematic Responses to Whiplash. In: Frontiers in Whiplash Trauma: Clinical and Biomechanical, Eds: Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. IOS Press, Amsterdam, 321-347, 2000.

Brault JR, Siegmund GP, Wheeler JB. Cervical Muscle Response During Whiplash: Evidence of a Lengthening Muscle Contraction. Clinical Biomechanics, 15(6):426-435, 2000.

Siegmund GP, Brault JR, Wheeler JB. The Relationship Between Clinical and Kinematic Responses from Human Subject Testing in Rear-End Automobile Collisions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 32(2):207-217, 2000.

Brault JR, Siegmund GP, Wheeler JB. Muscle Response and Whiplash Injury Biomechanics. Proceedings of the XVIIth International Congress on Biomechanics, Finalist for the International Society of Biomechanics Clinical Biomechanics Award, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1999.

Siegmund GP, Heinrichs BE, Wheeler JB. The Influence of Head Restraint and Occupant Factors on Peak Head/Neck Kinematics in Low-speed Rear-end Collisions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 31(4):393-407, 1999.

Siegmund GP, Brault JR, Wheeler JB. The Relationship Between Clinical and Kinematic Responses from Human Subject Testing in Rear-End Automobile Collisions. Compendium of Papers, Traffic Safety and Auto Engineering Stream, World Congress on Whiplash-Associated Disorders, pp.182-207, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1999.

Powers CM, Kulig K, Flynn JE, Brault JR. Repeatability and Bias of Two Walkway Safety Tribometers, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 1999.

Brault JR, Siegmund GP, Wheeler JB. Whiplash Injury Biomechanics: Cervical Electromyographic Response and Influence on Whiplash Dynamics. Proceedings of the International Symposium Whiplash '98, Tempe, Arizona, 1998.

Siegmund GP, Wheeler JB, Brault JR. Volume Changes in the Human Cervical Spinal Canal Between the Neutral and Retracted Head Positions. Proceedings of the International Symposium Whiplash '98, p.41, Tempe, Arizona, 1998.

Wheeler JB, Smith TA, Siegmund GP, Brault JR, King DJ. Validatin of the Neck Injury Criterion (NIC) Using Kinematic and Clinical Results from Human Subjects in Rear-end Collisions. Proceedings of IRCOBI’98, The International Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact, pp.335-348, Göteborg, Sweden, 1998.

Brault JR, Smith TA, Wheeler JB, Siegmund GP. Cervical Muscle Response to Rear-end Automobile Collisions: Implications for Injury. Proceedings of the North American Congress on Biomechanics, pp.347-348, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 1998.

Brault JR, Wheeler JB, Siegmund GP, Brault EJ. Clinical Response of Human Subjects to Rear-end Automobile Collisions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 79:72-80, 1998.

Siegmund GP, King DJ, Lawrence JM, Wheeler JB, Brault JR, Smith TA. Head/Neck Kinematic Response of Human Subjects in Low-speed Rear-end Collisions. SAE Technical Paper No. 973341, Society of Automotive Engineers, Proceedings of the 41st Stapp Car Crash Conference, pp.357-385, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, 1997.

Wheeler JB, Gregor RJ, Broker JP. The Effect of Clipless Float Design on Shoe/Pedal Interface Kinetics: Implications for Overuse Knee Injuries During Cycling. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 11(2):119-141, 1995.

Gregor RJ, Wheeler JB. Biomechanical Factors Associated with Shoe/Pedal Interfaces: Implications for Injury. Sports Medicine, 17(2):117-131, 1994.

Wheeler JB, Gregor RJ, Broker JP, Mandelbaum BR. Cycling Knee Pain and Shoe/Pedal Interface Kinetics. Proceedings of the XIVth International Congress on Biomechanics, Paris, France, pp.1458-1459, 1993.

Gregor RJ, Wheeler JB, Broker JP, Ryan MM. The Effect of Shoe/Pedal Interface and Load on Pedalling Kinetics in Cycling. Proceedings of the XIVth International Congress on Biomechanics, Paris, France, pp.508-509, 1993.

Wheeler JB, Gregor RJ, Broker JP. A Dual Piezoelectric Bicycle Pedal with Multiple Shoe-Pedal Interface Compatibility. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 8(3):251-258, 1992.

Wheeler JB, Broker JP, Gregor RJ. A Comparison of Torsional Moments Across Different Shoe/Pedal Interfaces in Cycling. Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise, 24(5):S186, 1992.

Hight PV, Wheeler JB, Reust TJ, Birch N. The Effects of Right Side Water Drag on Vehicle Dynamics and Accident Causation. SAE Technical Paper No. 900105, In: Accident Reconstruction: Human, Vehicle and Environmental Factors, pp.95-106, 1990.

Marcosky J, Wheeler JB, Hight PV. The Development of Seat Belts and an Evaluation of the Efficacy of Some Current Designs. Journal of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers, V1(2):21-46, 1989.

Hight PV, Wheeler JB, Reust TJ, Birch N. Asymmetric Water Drag, The Latent Cause of Some Accidents, Proceedings of the Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference VI, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 1989.









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